Content tagged with 'Evidence-Based Medicine' | back to all topics

Sort by: Show All | HBNS Articles only | Blog Posts only | Resources Only | Features Only
Order by: Newest First | Oldest First

Poor-Quality Weight Loss Advice Often Appears First in an Online Search

HBNS STORY | November 13, 2014

More than 40 percent of U.S. Internet users use online search engines to seek guidance on weight loss and physical activity. A new study in the American Journal of Public Health finds that high-quality weight loss information often appears after the first page of search engine results.

Timing of Epidural Is Up to the Mother

HBNS STORY | October 9, 2014

When a woman is in labor, the appropriate time to give an epidural during childbirth is when she asks for it, suggests a new review in The Cochrane Library.

Many Women Receive Unnecessary Pap Tests

HBNS STORY | September 30, 2014

As many as half to two-thirds of women who’ve undergone hysterectomies or are older than 65 years report receiving Pap tests for cervical cancer, despite recommendations against it, finds a new study in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.

Only Half of U.S. Adults Over 45 Are Screened for Diabetes

HBNS STORY | September 25, 2014

A new cross-sectional study in American Journal of Preventive Medicine finds that only half of adults in the U.S. were screened for diabetes within the last three years, less than what is recommended by the American Diabetes Association (ADA).

Few Overweight People with Diabetes Getting Recommended Physical Activity

HBNS STORY | September 9, 2014

Women and men with diabetes who are trying to lose weight are not meeting the recommended amounts of physical activity for weight loss, finds a new study in the American Journal of Health Promotion.

Asthma Drugs Suppress Growth

HBNS STORY | July 17, 2014

Corticosteroid drugs that are given by inhalers to children with asthma may suppress their growth, suggests two evidence reviews published in The Cochrane Library.

Vitamin D with Calcium May Prevent Bone Fractures for High-Risk Seniors

HBNS STORY | May 29, 2014

For seniors over the age of 65, taking a daily supplement of vitamin D with calcium—but not vitamin D alone—can offer some protection against the risk of common bone fractures, according to an updated review from The Cochrane Library.

Parents Should Team with Kids to Encourage Exercise

HBNS STORY | March 4, 2014

Parents can help motivate kids to be more physically active, but the influence may not result in an improvement in their children’s weight, finds a new evidence review in the American Journal of Health Promotion.

Evidence Mixed on the Usefulness of Echinacea for Colds

HBNS STORY | February 20, 2014

For people seeking a natural treatment for the common cold, some preparations containing the plant Echinacea work better than nothing, yet “evidence is weak,” finds a new report from The Cochrane Library.

Antibiotics Don't Prevent Complications of Kids' Respiratory Infections

HBNS STORY | February 18, 2014

Antibiotics are often prescribed for young children who have upper respiratory tract infections, however, a new evidence review in The Cochrane Library found no evidence to support this practice.

Pre-Surgical Drug May Ease Recovery and Reduce Pain for Kids

HBNS STORY | January 30, 2014

A new evidence review from The Cochrane Library found that administering a drug called clonidine before surgery may be a good alternative for controlling post-surgical pain and help reduce a child’s anxiety after surgery.

Antibacterial Agent Boosts Toothpaste Effectiveness

HBNS STORY | January 9, 2014

Regular use of fluoride toothpaste containing triclosan, an antibacterial agent, reduces plaque, gingivitis and slightly reduces tooth decay compared to regular fluoride toothpaste, finds a new review in The Cochrane Library.

Buck Teeth: Correct Them Once In Early Adolescence

HBNS STORY | December 17, 2013

A Cochrane review finds few benefits to a two-stage orthodontic correction for buck teeth in children versus treatment done in one-stage during early adolescence.

Smartphone Apps to Help Smokers Quit Come Up Short

HBNS STORY | November 14, 2013

Most popular smartphone apps do not include evidence-based practices known to help smokers quit, finds a new study in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.

For People With Diabetes, Aggressive Blood Pressure Goals May Not Help

HBNS STORY | November 12, 2013

For people with diabetes and high blood pressure, keeping blood pressure levels lower than the standard recommended offered no benefits, finds a review in The Cochrane Library.

Exercise Benefits People with Asthma

HBNS STORY | September 24, 2013

People with asthma who engaged in appropriate exercise programs had improved cardiovascular fitness and an overall improved quality of life, finds a new review in The Cochrane Library.

Restricting Food and Fluids During Labor is Unwarranted

HBNS STORY | August 22, 2013

Despite the longstanding, widespread practice of restricting women’s food and fluid intake during labor, a large-scale analysis in The Cochrane Library finds it unwarranted and supports women eating and drinking as they please.

Do Antioxidants Improve a Woman’s Chances of Conceiving?

HBNS STORY | August 6, 2013

There is no high quality evidence that antioxidant supplements help to increase a woman’s chances of having a baby, according to the results of a new Cochrane review.

Later Cord Clamping After Birth Increases Iron Levels in Babies

HBNS STORY | July 11, 2013

Delaying clamping of the umbilical cord after birth benefits newborn babies, according to a systematic review published in The Cochrane Library.

Lower Coronary Heart Disease Deaths By Making Several Lifestyle Changes

HBNS STORY | July 9, 2013

Programs to address multiple health behaviors, such as diet and exercise, significantly lowered the risk of a fatal heart attack, stroke or other cardiovascular event in people with coronary heart disease, finds a new review in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.

Probiotics Prevent Diarrhea Related To Antibiotic Use

HBNS STORY | June 6, 2013

Probiotic supplements have the potential to prevent diarrhea caused by antibiotics, according to a new review in The Cochrane Library.

Targeting Prescribers Can Reduce Excessive Use of Antibiotics in Hospitals

HBNS STORY | April 30, 2013

Giving prescribers access to education and advice or imposing restrictions on use can curb overuse or inappropriate use of antibiotics in hospitals, according to a new Cochrane systematic review.

Prebiotics: Do Supplements In Baby Formula Help Prevent Allergies?

HBNS STORY | March 28, 2013

Prebiotic supplements in infant formula may help to prevent eczema, according to a systematic review published in The Cochrane Library.

Diabetes: Computer Based Interventions Provide Limited Support

HBNS STORY | March 28, 2013

Self-management interventions delivered by computer and mobile phone currently provide limited benefits for people with diabetes, according to a systematic review published in The Cochrane Library.

School Grades Go Down When Health Risks Go Up

HBNS STORY | March 26, 2013

Academic performance is linked to risky health behaviors in children and teens, reports a new review in the Journal of Adolescent Health.

Respiratory Exercises Before Heart Surgery Can Prevent Pneumonia

HBNS STORY | November 14, 2012

Patients who practice respiratory physical therapy exercises before elective cardiac surgery may reduce serious pulmonary complications later, finds a new evidence review from The Cochrane Library.

Review Confirms Value of Combined Approach to Quitting Smoking

HBNS STORY | October 17, 2012

Smokers who try to quit would be more successful if they combined medication or nicotine-replacement therapy with behavioral counseling, finds a new review in The Cochrane Library.

Diagnostic Confidence Key for Prompt Treatment for Women with Heart Symptoms

HBNS STORY | August 29, 2012

Doctors who believe that women have “atypical” coronary heart disease symptoms are less certain when diagnosing heart disease in women. As a result, women are less likely than men to receive treatments for an urgent cardiac event, finds a new study in the Journal of Health and Social Behavior.

No Evidence to Support Removing Impacted Wisdom Teeth

HBNS STORY | June 13, 2012

Little evidence exists to support removing impacted wisdom teeth that are not causing pain and swelling, aren’t negatively affecting other teeth, and that are disease-free, finds a new review in The Cochrane Library.

Use of Patient Centered Medical Home Features Not Related to Patients' Experience of Care

HBNS STORY | June 6, 2012

Providing patient care using key features of a Patient-Centered Medical Home (PCMH), a model of health care delivery promoted by major physician groups, may not influence what patients think about the care they receive, reports a new study in Health Services Research.

Caffeine Gives a Small Boost to Painkillers’ Effectiveness

HBNS STORY | March 15, 2012

Caffeine improves the effectiveness of over-the-counter pain relieving drugs, but only by a small margin, according to a new evidence review in The Cochrane Library.

No Support Shown for the Use of Pycnogenol® for Chronic Disorders

HBNS STORY | February 15, 2012

The manufacturer of a dietary supplement made from French pine bark, Pycnogenol®, markets it widely for the prevention or treatment of many chronic disorders, ranging from asthma to erectile dysfunction, but a recent systematic review found no sound basis for the claims.

Excluding Hypertension, Review Finds Calcium Supplements Have No Benefit During Pregnancy

HBNS STORY | October 5, 2011

Most physicians instruct pregnant women to increase their calcium intake, but a new evidence review of potential benefits of calcium supplementation for mom and baby found none, except for the treatment of pregnancy-related hypertension.

Review: Taking Blood Pressure Drugs at Night Slightly Improves Control

HBNS STORY | October 5, 2011

Patients who take certain popular types of blood pressure medication once a day are able to achieve somewhat better control of their hypertension if they take their daily dose at bedtime, according to a new systematic review.

Review: Probiotics Have Slight Preventive Effect on Colds

HBNS STORY | September 15, 2011

Taking probiotics seems to provide both children and adults with a mild degree of protection against many upper respiratory tract infections including the common cold, according to a new systematic review.

Premature Ejaculation Therapy Not Supported by Evidence

HBNS STORY | August 9, 2011

A new review finds little reliable research to support treating premature ejaculation by teaching men how to control their bodies with their minds.

For a Less Biased Study, Try Randomization

HBNS STORY | April 12, 2011

If you’re interested in the finer points of medical research, this story’s for you.

Pacifiers Don’t Interfere With Established Breastfeeding, Review Finds

HBNS STORY | March 15, 2011

A new review finds no association between pacifier use and early cessation of nursing.

Mechanical Versus Manual CPR—Too Close to Call

HBNS STORY | January 18, 2011

Makers say that mechanical devices perform CPR more effectively than human efforts alone. However, a new review comparing mechanical to manual chest compressions has failed to demonstrate that one is superior to the other.

“White-Noise” Therapy Alone Not Enough to Curb Tinnitus

HBNS STORY | December 9, 2010

Tinnitus — what many think of as “ringing in the ears” — is the perception of sound without any real acoustic stimulation. Sound masking therapy, a common component of tinnitus treatment, is of uncertain benefit when used on its own, a new evidence review finds.

Ginseng Might Boost Brain Power, but Evidence Is Weak

HBNS STORY | December 7, 2010

Many people believe that the popular herb ginseng can improve thinking ability and prevent or even treat dementia. However, a comprehensive review of research failed to find convincing evidence of these benefits.

Zinc Supplements to Prevent Middle Ear Infections: Evidence Is Weak

HBNS STORY | February 16, 2010