HEALTH BEHAVIOR NEWS SERVICE

Health Behavior News Service covers the latest peer-reviewed studies and systematic reviews on the effects of behavior on health, health disparities and patient engagement research. Our goal is to present the facts for readers to understand and use to make informed choices about health and health care.

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Adults with Disabilities More Likely to Seek Care in the Emergency Department

December 21, 2012
People with disabilities, while making up just 17 percent of the working-age adult population, account for almost 40 percent of all emergency department (ED) visits, finds a new study in Health Services Research.

Early Intervention for Premature Infants Increases IQ

December 20, 2012
Programs aimed at helping premature infants and their families once they leave the hospital have been found to increase IQ in the period up to school age and improve cognitive skills, finds a new review in The Cochrane Library.

Health Care Providers Can Learn to Communicate Better with Patients

December 18, 2012
Medical students, doctors and nurses can be taught to use a more holistic, patient-centered approach during medical consultations, focusing on the person and not just their medical complaint, finds a new review in The Cochrane Library.

Teen Physical Activity and Screen Time Influenced by Friends

December 13, 2012
The company a teen keeps can influence how much time they spend either in front of a screen or participating in healthy physical activity, finds a new study in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.

Education Can Reduce Use of Antipsychotic Drugs in Nursing Home Patients

December 13, 2012
A new review in The Cochrane Library finds that education and social support for staff and caregivers can reduce the use of antipsychotic drugs in nursing home patients with dementia.

Printed Reminders for Doctors Improve Health Care

December 12, 2012
Printed reminders about screening tests, vaccinations and other health topics can help doctors provide care that more closely reflects current medical guidelines and evidence-based medicine, finds a new review from The Cochrane Library.

Only Half of Young Women Complete Three-Part HPV Vaccine

December 11, 2012
Of young women who start the three-part series of the highly effective human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine, only half get all the necessary doses, according to new research in the Journal of Adolescent Health.

Exercise Can Extend Your Life by as Much as Five Years

December 11, 2012
Adults who include at least 150 minutes of physical activity in their routines each week live longer than those who don’t, finds a new study in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.

Most People with Hepatitis C Go Untreated, Despite Effective Drugs

December 10, 2012
Just 20 percent of people infected with the hepatitis C virus (HCV) begin the recommended treatment regimen and less than 5 percent go on to successfully overcome the virus, according to a new review in General Hospital Psychiatry. Untreated substance abuse and depression are among the barriers to care.

Patients with ICU Delirium More Likely to Die

December 6, 2012
Delirium, a condition developed by many patients in hospital intensive care units (ICU), is associated with higher mortality rates, more complications, longer stays in the ICU, and longer hospitalizations, finds a new meta-analysis in General Hospital Psychiatry.

Retail Clinics Impact Continuous Primary Care

November 15, 2012
Using retail walk-in health clinics, often located inside pharmacies or big-box stores, for simple acute care problems can interfere with establishing and maintaining a relationship with a primary care provider, find a new study in the Journal of General Internal Medicine.

Cancer: Exercise Reduces Tiredness

November 15, 2012
Aerobic exercise can help relieve the fatigue often associated with cancer and cancer treatment, according to Cochrane researchers.

Respiratory Exercises Before Heart Surgery Can Prevent Pneumonia

November 14, 2012
Patients who practice respiratory physical therapy exercises before elective cardiac surgery may reduce serious pulmonary complications later, finds a new evidence review from The Cochrane Library.

Mobile Phone Services Help Smokers Quit

November 13, 2012
Support for quitting smoking via text and video messages can help smokers kick the habit, according to a new Cochrane systematic review.

Women Often Lose Their Health Insurance When Divorced

November 13, 2012
Each year, almost 115,000 women in the U.S. will lose their health insurance in the months following a divorce, finds a study in the Journal of Health and Social Behavior.

Less than 25 Percent of Americans Walk for More Than Ten Minutes

November 6, 2012
Many people in the U.S. do not walk, bike or engage in other forms of active transportation, missing an important opportunity to improve their cardiovascular health, concludes a new study in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.

Decision Aids Sway More to Get Screened for Colon Cancer

November 6, 2012
People who are given tools to help them decide whether to have a colorectal cancer screening test are more are likely to request the procedure, finds a new study in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.

Caregivers Neglect Their Own Health, Increasing Heart Disease Risk

November 6, 2012
People acting as caregivers for family members with cardiovascular disease may inadvertently increase their own risk for heart disease by neglecting their own health, according to a new study in the American Journal of Health Promotion.

People Surprised by Costs of Out-of-Network Care

October 25, 2012
Forty percent of people who received health care outside of their insurance network did so out of necessity, finds a new study in Health Services Research. About half of those patients did not know how much they would have to pay for their out-of-network care.

Minorities More Likely to View Generic Drugs as Inferior

October 24, 2012
Negative perceptions about generic drugs are more widespread among ethnic minorities than among whites, finds a new study in Ethnicity & Disease.

Teens Increasingly Abuse Prescription Painkillers

October 18, 2012
Young people ages 15 to 24 are abusing prescription painkillers more than any other age group or any other youth in history. Availability of these drugs from their parents’ medicine cabinets may be to blame, according to new research in the Journal of Adolescent Health.

Review Confirms Value of Combined Approach to Quitting Smoking

October 17, 2012
Smokers who try to quit would be more successful if they combined medication or nicotine-replacement therapy with behavioral counseling, finds a new review in The Cochrane Library.

Collaborative Care Teams Improve Mental Health Outcomes

October 17, 2012
Collaborative care, a model that involves multiple clinicians working with a patient, significantly improves depression and anxiety outcomes compared to standard primary care treatment for up to two years, finds a new review by The Cochrane Library.

Shingles Vaccine Prevents Painful Disease in Older Adults

October 17, 2012
Older adults who get the shingles vaccine have a nearly 50 percent reduced risk of developing the often debilitating disease, finds a new evidence review from The Cochrane Library.

Graphic Anti-Smoking Ads Increase Attempts to Quit

October 9, 2012
Graphic and/or emotional television anti-smoking ads showing the health effects of smoking get more smokers to make an attempt try to quit than less intense ads, according to a new study in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.

Condom Use Drops When Young Women Use Hormonal Contraceptives

October 9, 2012
Young women who start using hormonal contraceptives for birth control often stop using condoms, but a new study in the Journal of Adolescent Health finds that if they later discontinue using hormonal contraceptives, they tend not to resume using condoms, increasing their risk of both unintended pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections.

Despite Access to Care, Male Veterans in Poorer Health than Civilian Men

October 9, 2012
Even with access to health care, male military veterans are in poorer health than both men in the National Guard and Reserves and civilian men, finds a new study in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.

States that Support Access to Health Information Can Decrease Colon Cancer Deaths

September 25, 2012
Despite medical advances in colon cancer screening and treatment, people with a lower socioeconomic status remain at a higher risk of dying from colon cancer. A new study in The Milbank Quarterly finds that states and communities that focus on increasing the adoption of innovative health care practices along with providing greater access to public health information can reduce these deaths.

Evidence Does Not Back-Up Spinal Manipulation for Acute Lower Back Pain

September 20, 2012
Manipulating or “adjusting” the spine is a popular way to treat occasional or acute lower back pain and is covered by many health insurance plans, but a recent review by The Cochrane Library finds no evidence to suggest it is more effective than other therapy options.

Topical NSAIDs Provide Relief from Arthritis Pain

September 18, 2012
For those suffering from osteoarthritis of the knees or hands, applying topical non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) —in the form of creams, gels and patches —can bring weeks of pain relief, finds a new review by The Cochrane Library.

No Evidence that Black Cohosh Relieves Menopause Symptoms

September 13, 2012
Although many women coping with hot flashes and other distressing symptoms of menopause have turned to black cohosh supplements as a treatment alternative, a new review by the Cochrane Library finds no evidence that the herb is effective.

Keeping Mom and Baby Together After Delivery Beneficial

September 13, 2012
“Rooming in,” keeping mother and her newborn in the same room 24/7 to encourage breastfeeding, does support the practice, at least in the short term, finds a new review in The Cochrane Library.

More Nurses for Hospital Patients: Impact on Quality Questionable

September 12, 2012
Passage of a bill in 1999 requiring minimum nurse-to-patient ratios in California hospitals increased the number of nurses but resulted in mixed quality of care, according to a new study in the journal Health Services Research.

Even With Personalized Assessments, Many Underestimate Disease Risks

September 11, 2012
People with a family history of certain diseases, including heart disease and diabetes, often underestimate their risk for developing them, even after completing a risk assessment and receiving personalized prevention messages, finds a new study in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.

Parents Prefer Some, Often Less-Effective, Birth Control Methods for Teens

September 6, 2012
Parents of teen girls are more ready to accept their daughters being offered birth control pills and condoms during doctor visits than other, more effective and long-acting contraceptive methods, according to a new study in the Journal of Adolescent Health.

Fruit and Vegetable Advertising Linked to More Consumption

September 4, 2012
The key to getting people to eat more fruits and vegetables may be advertising, finds a new study in the American Journal of Health Promotion.

When Prompted, Fathers Will Talk with Their Kids about Delaying Sexual Activity

August 31, 2012
Although mothers are usually the ones who have “the birds and the bees” talks with their children, with targeted prompting and guidance, fathers will also step up to the plate, finds a new study in the American Journal of Health Promotion.

Diagnostic Confidence Key for Prompt Treatment for Women with Heart Symptoms

August 29, 2012
Doctors who believe that women have “atypical” coronary heart disease symptoms are less certain when diagnosing heart disease in women. As a result, women are less likely than men to receive treatments for an urgent cardiac event, finds a new study in the Journal of Health and Social Behavior.

Rising Cost of Inpatient Care Linked to Medical Devices and Supplies

August 29, 2012
Inpatient hospital treatment accounts for the largest proportion of health care spending in the U.S., with the use of diagnostic imaging services such as MRIs, frequently implicated as the probable cause. A new analysis in Health Services Research finds that the biggest expense may not be imaging technology but from supplies including medical devices, such as stents and artificial joints.

Good Health Helps Grades When Students Hit Puberty

August 28, 2012
Good health helps children with stressful transitions from elementary school to middle school, finds a new study in the Journal of Adolescent Health.

People with Few Assets Less Likely to Plan for End-of-Life Health Care

August 16, 2012
Socioeconomic status is a big predictor of how likely people are to have living wills, a power of attorney for health care decisions or to participate in informal discussions about treatment preferences with loved ones. People with few assets were half as likely as those of more means to plan for these end-of-life concerns, a new study in the Journal of Health and Social Behavior finds.

Common Treatment for Mild Hypertension Challenged

August 15, 2012
Doctors often prescribe drugs for people with mild high blood pressure with the hope of preventing cardiovascular disease (CVD). However, a new review from The Cochrane Library has found that this treatment does not reduce death rates, heart attacks or strokes.

Depression in Young Adults Linked to Higher Risk of Early Death

August 14, 2012
Depression in young adulthood can have long-lasting effects, potentially leading to a higher risk of death even decades later, suggests a new study in the Annals of Epidemiology.

Doctors Who Share Patients May Provide Lower Cost Care

July 31, 2012
Patients with diabetes or congestive heart failure who receive care from doctors with high levels of patient overlap have lower total health care costs and lower rates of hospitalization, according to a new study in the Journal of General Internal Medicine.

Even With Insurance, Racial Disparities in Breast Cancer Treatment Persist

July 26, 2012
A new study in Ethnicity & Disease finds that racial disparities in breast cancer treatment persist even when Black and White patients have the same Medicaid health insurance and similar economic status.

Obese Teens Have Fewer Friends, Especially Whites

July 24, 2012
Obese adolescents tend to have fewer friends at school than their peers, finds a new study in Ethnicity & Disease. However, the impact of obesity on friendships varies by ethnic group, with White students faring worse than Black or Hispanic students.

Safety Net Health Centers Fill In Urban Gaps

July 19, 2012
Urban areas that are segregated by race, ethnicity or income have more Federally Qualified Health Centers (FQHC), which provide primary care services for disadvantaged populations, despite an adequate supply of private sector physicians, reveals new findings published in Health Services Research.

Predominately Black-Serving Hospitals Provide Poorer Care

July 19, 2012
Hospitals that mostly serve Black patients have worse mortality outcomes for both Black and White patients with three common conditions: heart attack, congestive heart failure or pneumonia. The new study in Health Services Research suggests that there is an urgent need to improve care at predominately black-serving institutions.

Regular Physical Activity May Help Ward Off Dementia Years Later

July 17, 2012
Older adults who engage in vigorous physical activity three or more times a week are less likely to be diagnosed with dementia later compared to adults who don’t, according to a new longitudinal study in American Journal of Health Promotion.

Coordinating Cancer Care Remains a Challenge

July 11, 2012
People with cancer often receive fragmented and uncoordinated care, as their treatments often require help from multiple clinicians. However, a new review by The Cochrane Library finds no evidence that three main strategies designed to improve coordination of cancer care are effective.

TV Watching Linked to Eating Unhealthy Food

July 10, 2012
Adults and children who watch more television have less healthy diets, finds a new study in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine. For every age and gender studied, people who watched no more than an hour of TV a day reported healthier diets compared to those who watched four hours or more.

Physical Health Problems Bring Mental Health Problems, Demand for Services

July 7, 2012
People who experience a serious physical health event are three times as likely to subsequently see a health care provider for mental health services and medication, according to a new study in Health Services Research.

Being Overweight Years Before Pregnancy Linked to Bigger Babies

June 26, 2012
Women who become overweight or obese during the transition from adolescence to adulthood are significantly more likely to give birth to babies with excessive birth weights, according to a new study published in the Journal of Adolescent Health.

Supporting Front-Line Hospital Staff Leads to Safer and Happier Patients

June 21, 2012
Hospitals that use supportive management practices across diverse care providers and frontline staff are more likely to deliver quality patient care, according to a new study in Health Services Research.

Mental Health Care Disparities Persist for Black and Latino Children

June 21, 2012
Disparities in the use of mental health services, including outpatient care and psychotropic drug prescriptions, persist for black and Latino children, reports a new study in Health Services Research.

People with Mood Disorders Are More Likely to Be Re-Hospitalized

June 19, 2012
A new study published in the journal General Hospital Psychiatry found that patients were more likely to be hospitalized and re-hospitalized soon after being discharged if they have mood disorders.

No Evidence to Support Removing Impacted Wisdom Teeth

June 13, 2012
Little evidence exists to support removing impacted wisdom teeth that are not causing pain and swelling, aren’t negatively affecting other teeth, and that are disease-free, finds a new review in The Cochrane Library.

Use of Patient Centered Medical Home Features Not Related to Patients' Experience of Care

June 6, 2012
Providing patient care using key features of a Patient-Centered Medical Home (PCMH), a model of health care delivery promoted by major physician groups, may not influence what patients think about the care they receive, reports a new study in Health Services Research.

Logging On to Lose Weight May Be a Tough Sell for Employers

June 5, 2012
A new study in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine examined whether a convenient web support program could help employees maintain weight loss after an intensive kick-off. It turns out that a challenge may be just getting them to log on.

Electronic Devices with Reminders Make Sticking to Diets Easier

June 5, 2012
There’s some good news for those trying to lose weight with the help of new apps on their mobile devices. They may actually work, says a new research study in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.

Women and Minorities Face Barriers to Clinical Trials

June 1, 2012
Physicians have great influence over whether minorities and women participate in cancer clinical trials, according to a new literature review.

Blacks & Hypertension Link Persists Across Age and Economic Status

June 1, 2012
African-Americans are at higher risk for developing hypertension than Whites or Mexican Americans, even if they’ve managed to avoid high blood pressure earlier in life.

Family Matters When It Comes to a Good Night’s Sleep

May 31, 2012
Sound, restful sleep may be just a dream for millions of Americans with strained family relationships, according to a new study published in the Journal of Health and Social Behavior.

Assisted Living Options Grow, Nursing Home Occupancy Declines

May 23, 2012
A new study finds an association between an increase in assisted living options, which provide older adults with an array of services such as help with everyday tasks in homelike settings, and a decline in nursing home occupancy. This shift in delivery of care has both positive and negative implications for seniors.

People with Asthma Get the Green Light for Exercise

May 17, 2012
Not only is it safe for people with asthma to exercise, but doing so could reduce their risk of asthma symptoms or attacks, according to a new evidence review in The Cochrane Library.

Doctors Need Training to Help Smokers Quit

May 17, 2012
Health care professionals do a better job helping people quit smoking when they are trained in smoking cessation techniques, a new Cochrane Library review finds.

Too Many Drugs for Many Older Patients

May 16, 2012
A new Cochrane Library evidence review reveals that little is known about the best ways to avoid inappropriate prescribing of medications for seniors or how to maximize health benefits while minimizing prescriptions.

Social Networks Influence Flu Shot Decision among College Students

May 14, 2012
College students’ social networks influence their beliefs regarding the safety of influenza vaccines and decisions about vaccination, according to a new study in the Journal of Adolescent Health.

Park Improvements Lead to Increased Vigorous Exercise, Not Just Greater Use

May 8, 2012
Refurbishing neighborhood parks may lead to improvements in community health. Increased visitors and higher rates of exercise were observed for more than one year when one community park provided new and varied amenities.

Students More Likely to be Fit When Physical Education is Mandatory

May 1, 2012
Fifth graders in California public school districts that comply with the state’s mandatory physical education requirement are more likely to have better fitness levels than students in districts that don’t comply, according to a new study in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.

Three Fears May Discourage Colorectal Cancer Screening

April 30, 2012
New research about why people forego colorectal cancer (CRC) screening suggests that three fears play a significant role; fear of embarrassment, fear of getting AIDS and fear of pain may make some seniors skip the potentially lifesaving tests.

Parents Important in Steering Kids Away from Sedentary Activities

April 30, 2012
Parents can have a significant impact in steering young children away from too much time spent in sedentary pursuits.

'Health Care Deserts' More Common In Black Neighborhoods

April 25, 2012
New research into "health care deserts" finds that primary-care physicians are especially hard to find in predominantly Black and/or low-income Hispanic metropolitan neighborhoods.

Risk of Future Emotional Problems Can be Identified During Well-Child Visits

April 24, 2012
A new study suggests clinicians might be able to identify children at risk of later emotional or behavioral problems by paying attention to a few key signs during early well-child check-ups.

Training Teens to Handle Emotions Improves Mental Health

April 19, 2012
Teens who received emotional intelligence training in school had improved scores on several measures of emotional well-being, including less anxiety, depression and social stress, according to a new study in the Journal of Adolescent Health.

Personalized Interventions Work Best for People with Multiple, Chronic Illnesses

April 18, 2012
People with multiple chronic medical conditions are helped by medical interventions that target personal risk factors and/or their ability to perform daily activities. Interventions aimed at general case management or enhancing teamwork among a patient’s care providers are not as effective, finds a new review in The Cochrane Library.

Cervical Stitch Has Risks, Decreases Pre-term Births for Few Women

April 18, 2012
A new evidence review from The Cochrane Library finds that cerclage, a procedure intended to provide support to the cervix during pregnancy, provides no clinically significant difference in the number of fetal deaths or newborn complications compared to women who don’t receive the treatment.

Worm Therapy For Hay Fever? More Research is Needed

April 18, 2012
Purposely infecting patients with hookworms or whipworms to treat hay fever and other immune-related diseases has been experimented with since the 1970s. A new review by The Cochrane Library concludes that current evidence doesn’t yet support the use of this therapy. However, worm therapy does appear to be safe, the review’s lead author says.

Teens Who Check the Scale Frequently May Have An Unhealthy Preoccupation With Weight

April 17, 2012
Teens who weigh themselves several times per week may be at risk for unhealthy weight control practices and poor psychological well-being, according to a new study in the Journal of Adolescent Health.

Over-the-Counter Test for Vaginal Infection Just as Good as the Doctor’s

April 17, 2012
For women with symptoms of the most common vaginal infection, a new study in the Journal of Adolescent Health finds that an over-the-counter diagnostic test may be just as accurate as having a test performed by a clinician.

Women Veterans Report Poorer Health Despite Access to Health Services, Insurance

April 10, 2012
As more and more soldiers return from recent conflicts overseas, new research reveals that female veterans experience poorer health than other women.

People with Multiple Chronic Illnesses Have Trouble Coordinating Care

March 29, 2012
Younger patients and those with several chronic illnesses are more likely to report difficulties with care coordination than older patients with just one chronic illness, finds a new study in Health Services Research.

Hospitals Vary Widely in ICU Admissions

March 28, 2012
Hospitals vary widely in their admissions to intensive care units, which some experts believe are overused, costly and potentially dangerous. A new study in Health Services Research finds that the actions of hospitals - not the kinds of patients they attract - appear to be responsible for part of the difference in ICU use.

Doctors in U.S. Overuse Pap Smears

March 20, 2012
A new study finds U.S. physicians are performing Pap smears far more often than needed to prevent cervical cancer.

Non-Traditional Reproductive Health Resources Reach At-Risk Youth

March 20, 2012
A new research review finds that if reproductive health services were more easily accessible, youth would be more likely to use them.

Caffeine Gives a Small Boost to Painkillers’ Effectiveness

March 15, 2012
Caffeine improves the effectiveness of over-the-counter pain relieving drugs, but only by a small margin, according to a new evidence review in The Cochrane Library.

Antipsychotic Drug Combinations Are Often Given to Patients Early In Treatment

March 15, 2012
Patients with schizophrenia and other mental illnesses are commonly prescribed high dose combinations of antipsychotic drugs earlier than recommended by some guidelines, finds a new study in the March issue of General Hospital Psychiatry.

Simple, Common BMI Data Stored in e-Records can Identify Patients with Heart Disease Risk

March 13, 2012
New research released online in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine shows that body mass index (BMI) data, commonly available in electronic medical records, can accurately identify adults between 30 and 74 years-old at risk for cardiovascular (heart) disease, the leading cause of death in the U.S.

Single Men Spend Weekends Sitting & Watching TV

March 13, 2012
Single, middle-aged people who live alone spend more time sitting. A new study, published in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine discovered that men tended to sit for longer periods watching TV on the weekends while women sat for longer periods doing activities such as reading or dining out.

Most Teens with Juvenile Arthritis Use Complementary Medicine

March 13, 2012
Seventy-two percent of adolescents with juvenile arthritis use at least one form of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM), but only 45 percent have discussions about it with their health care providers says a new study in the Journal of Adolescent Health.

Making Exercise Fun & Cool for At-Risk Teens

March 8, 2012
Motivating teens to exercise is often a tough sell, but a new study in the American Journal of Health Promotion finds that introducing culturally tailored activities, those that young people find fun and popular, can encourage some of the most at-risk teens to get active.

Sexually Abused Boys Engage in More Unsafe Sex

March 6, 2012
Boys who are victims of sexual abuse are far more likely to engage in unsafe sexual behavior as teenagers, finds a new review in the current Journal of Adolescent Health.

Employee Wellness Programs Provide Significant Savings Over Time

March 6, 2012
Employees who participated in a health-improvement program had fewer medical costs than non-participants, according to a new report in the American Journal of Health Promotion. In addition, three year employer savings outpaced the program costs with a return on investment of almost $3 to $1.

Playing Team Sports Encourages Young Girls to Stay Physically Active

March 6, 2012
Good news for soccer moms: Girls who join organized team sports at age 11 are more likely to stay physically active as they get older, according to a new study in the Journal of Adolescent Health.

Bilingual Immigrants Report Better Health Than Speakers of One Language

February 29, 2012
A study in the Journal of Health and Social Behavior suggests that immigrants who learn English while maintaining their native language could also maintain strong mental and physical health.

Girls Who Rely on a Boyfriend for Money Are Less Likely to Use Condoms

February 28, 2012
Young women whose boyfriends are their primary source of spending money are more likely to report that their boyfriend never uses condoms than girls who have other sources of cash, according to a study in the Journal of Adolescent Health.

Primary Care Doctors Fail to Recognize Anxiety Disorders

February 21, 2012
Primary care providers fail to recognize anxiety disorders in two-thirds of patients with symptoms, reports a new study in General Hospital Psychiatry.

Quitting Smoking Results in Minimal Weight Gain

February 17, 2012
The declining rate of smoking is unlikely to be a major contributor to the recent increases in the incidence of obesity. While quitting smoking might cause some people to gain weight, the amount gained will probably be small, reports a new study in Health Services Research.

Even Small Increases in Copays Affect Use of Children's Healthcare

February 17, 2012
Increases in copayments of only a few dollars for ALL Kids, Alabama's Children's Health Insurance Program (CHIP), led to declines in the use of several healthcare services for the children they affected, reveals a study in Health Services Research.

Few Depressed College Students Receive Adequate Care

February 16, 2012
Less than one in four college students with symptoms of serious depression receives adequate treatment. Current health care services on campus might not be sufficient for delivering good quality mental health care, according to a new study in the journal General Hospital Psychiatry.

No Support Shown for the Use of Pycnogenol® for Chronic Disorders

February 15, 2012
The manufacturer of a dietary supplement made from French pine bark, Pycnogenol®, markets it widely for the prevention or treatment of many chronic disorders, ranging from asthma to erectile dysfunction, but a recent systematic review found no sound basis for the claims.

Popular Fetal Monitoring Method Leads To More C-Sections

February 15, 2012
A new research review suggests that the use of one popular method of fetal monitoring does not improve maternal and fetal outcomes and makes women more likely to have cesarean sections.

Early Bloomers with Poor Social Skills More Likely to Smoke

February 14, 2012
Children who go through puberty earlier than their peers are more likely to have poor social skills and to smoke cigarettes during their high school years, a new study in Journal of Adolescent Health confirms.

Study Illuminates Ethnic Disparities in Diabetes and Cognitive Impairment

January 31, 2012
A new study finds that decreasing the disparities in rates of type 2 diabetes among Whites, Blacks and Hispanics could eliminate some racial and ethnic disparities in the development of cognitive impairment or dementia. Prior research has shown that type 2 diabetes is a risk factor for all forms of major cognitive impairment, including Alzheimer’s disease, according to a study in Ethnicity & Disease.

Most People Fudge Numbers on Weight and Height Surveys

January 27, 2012
When people in the U.S. are asked to provide their weight for research surveys, they underestimate their weight and overestimate their height, despite numerous public reports about increasing rates of obesity. Whites are more likely to do so than Blacks or Hispanics, finds a new study in Ethnicity and Disease.

Electronic Health Records Could Improve Care for Type 2 Diabetics

January 24, 2012
Use of electronic health records shows promise for improving care and outcomes in patients with type 2 diabetes, but still has considerable room for improvement, according to a new study in the journal Health Services Research.

Peer Passengers Are Bad News for Teen Drivers

January 24, 2012
Two new studies in the February Journal of Adolescent Health reviewed key factors shown to influence teen driving behaviors: perception of driving risks, parental monitoring and the presence of peer passengers.

For Diabetics Not on Insulin, Self-Monitoring Blood Sugar Has No Benefit

January 19, 2012
For type 2 diabetics who are not on insulin, monitoring their blood sugar does little to control blood sugar levels over time and may not be worth the effort or expense, according to a new evidence review in The Cochrane Library.

Teens Have Fewer Behavioral Issues When Parents Stay Involved

January 19, 2012
When parents of middle school students participate in school-based, family interventions, it can reduce problem behavior, according to new research released online in the Journal of Adolescent Health.

Signs Prove Effective in Prompting People to Use Stairs Instead of Elevator

January 17, 2012
Signs that read, “Burn Calories, Not Electricity” posted in lobbies of New York City buildings, motivated more people to take the stairs?and continue to use them even months later, according to a study in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.

Recommended Services Not Always Given During Patients’ Annual Exams

January 17, 2012
New research finds that patients may not always receive all of the screening tests and counseling services that are due during their medical checkups, according to a study in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.

Workplace Support for Front-Line Health Workers Creates Higher Job Satisfaction

January 12, 2012
Frontline health workers—including nursing assistants, paramedics and pharmacy technicians—who received a combination of benefits and support from their employers had greater job satisfaction and provided a higher perceived quality of care, finds a new study in Health Services Research.

Girls Report More Mental Distress and Are Prescribed More Psychiatric Drugs than Boys

January 10, 2012
More than 15 percent of Norwegian teenagers ages 15 to 16 reported “mental distress,” or symptoms of depression and anxiety, with significantly more girls reporting distress than boys, according to a new study in the Journal of Adolescent Health. Girls with mental distress were also more likely than their male counterparts to be prescribed psychiatric drugs.

Family Support Motivates Mexican-Americans to Adopt Healthy Habits

January 5, 2012
Encouragement from family members helps motivate Mexican-American adults to eat more fruits and vegetables and to engage in regular exercise, according to a new study in the current issue of American Journal of Health Promotion.

Team Lotteries Motivate Employees to Participate in Wellness Programs

January 5, 2012
Team lotteries might increase employee participation in health assessments for corporate wellness programs, finds a new study in the American Journal of Health Promotion.