Content tagged with 'Evidence-Based Medicine' | back to all topics
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Zinc Supplements to Prevent Middle Ear Infections: Evidence Is Weak
HBNS STORY | February 16, 2010
Ginseng Might Boost Brain Power, but Evidence Is Weak
HBNS STORY | December 7, 2010
Many people believe that the popular herb ginseng can improve thinking ability and prevent or even treat dementia. However, a comprehensive review of research failed to find convincing evidence of these benefits.
“White-Noise” Therapy Alone Not Enough to Curb Tinnitus
HBNS STORY | December 9, 2010
Tinnitus — what many think of as “ringing in the ears” — is the perception of sound without any real acoustic stimulation. Sound masking therapy, a common component of tinnitus treatment, is of uncertain benefit when used on its own, a new evidence review finds.
Mechanical Versus Manual CPR—Too Close to Call
HBNS STORY | January 18, 2011
Makers say that mechanical devices perform CPR more effectively than human efforts alone. However, a new review comparing mechanical to manual chest compressions has failed to demonstrate that one is superior to the other.
Pacifiers Don’t Interfere With Established Breastfeeding, Review Finds
HBNS STORY | March 15, 2011
A new review finds no association between pacifier use and early cessation of nursing.
For a Less Biased Study, Try Randomization
HBNS STORY | April 12, 2011
If you’re interested in the finer points of medical research, this story’s for you.
Premature Ejaculation Therapy Not Supported by Evidence
HBNS STORY | August 9, 2011
A new review finds little reliable research to support treating premature ejaculation by teaching men how to control their bodies with their minds.
Review: Probiotics Have Slight Preventive Effect on Colds
HBNS STORY | September 15, 2011
Taking probiotics seems to provide both children and adults with a mild degree of protection against many upper respiratory tract infections including the common cold, according to a new systematic review.
Excluding Hypertension, Review Finds Calcium Supplements Have No Benefit During Pregnancy
HBNS STORY | October 5, 2011
Most physicians instruct pregnant women to increase their calcium intake, but a new evidence review of potential benefits of calcium supplementation for mom and baby found none, except for the treatment of pregnancy-related hypertension.
Review: Taking Blood Pressure Drugs at Night Slightly Improves Control
HBNS STORY | October 5, 2011
Patients who take certain popular types of blood pressure medication once a day are able to achieve somewhat better control of their hypertension if they take their daily dose at bedtime, according to a new systematic review.
No Support Shown for the Use of Pycnogenol® for Chronic Disorders
HBNS STORY | February 15, 2012
The manufacturer of a dietary supplement made from French pine bark, Pycnogenol®, markets it widely for the prevention or treatment of many chronic disorders, ranging from asthma to erectile dysfunction, but a recent systematic review found no sound basis for the claims.
Caffeine Gives a Small Boost to Painkillers’ Effectiveness
HBNS STORY | March 15, 2012
Caffeine improves the effectiveness of over-the-counter pain relieving drugs, but only by a small margin, according to a new evidence review in The Cochrane Library.
Use of Patient Centered Medical Home Features Not Related to Patients' Experience of Care
HBNS STORY | June 6, 2012
Providing patient care using key features of a Patient-Centered Medical Home (PCMH), a model of health care delivery promoted by major physician groups, may not influence what patients think about the care they receive, reports a new study in Health Services Research.
No Evidence to Support Removing Impacted Wisdom Teeth
HBNS STORY | June 13, 2012
Little evidence exists to support removing impacted wisdom teeth that are not causing pain and swelling, aren’t negatively affecting other teeth, and that are disease-free, finds a new review in The Cochrane Library.
Diagnostic Confidence Key for Prompt Treatment for Women with Heart Symptoms
HBNS STORY | August 29, 2012
Doctors who believe that women have “atypical” coronary heart disease symptoms are less certain when diagnosing heart disease in women. As a result, women are less likely than men to receive treatments for an urgent cardiac event, finds a new study in the Journal of Health and Social Behavior.
Review Confirms Value of Combined Approach to Quitting Smoking
HBNS STORY | October 17, 2012
Smokers who try to quit would be more successful if they combined medication or nicotine-replacement therapy with behavioral counseling, finds a new review in The Cochrane Library.
Respiratory Exercises Before Heart Surgery Can Prevent Pneumonia
HBNS STORY | November 14, 2012
Patients who practice respiratory physical therapy exercises before elective cardiac surgery may reduce serious pulmonary complications later, finds a new evidence review from The Cochrane Library.
School Grades Go Down When Health Risks Go Up
HBNS STORY | March 26, 2013
Academic performance is linked to risky health behaviors in children and teens, reports a new review in the Journal of Adolescent Health.
Diabetes: Computer Based Interventions Provide Limited Support
HBNS STORY | March 28, 2013
Self-management interventions delivered by computer and mobile phone currently provide limited benefits for people with diabetes, according to a systematic review published in The Cochrane Library.
Prebiotics: Do Supplements In Baby Formula Help Prevent Allergies?
HBNS STORY | March 28, 2013
Prebiotic supplements in infant formula may help to prevent eczema, according to a systematic review published in The Cochrane Library.
Targeting Prescribers Can Reduce Excessive Use of Antibiotics in Hospitals
HBNS STORY | April 30, 2013
Giving prescribers access to education and advice or imposing restrictions on use can curb overuse or inappropriate use of antibiotics in hospitals, according to a new Cochrane systematic review.
Probiotics Prevent Diarrhea Related To Antibiotic Use
HBNS STORY | June 6, 2013
Probiotic supplements have the potential to prevent diarrhea caused by antibiotics, according to a new review in The Cochrane Library.
Lower Coronary Heart Disease Deaths By Making Several Lifestyle Changes
HBNS STORY | July 9, 2013
Programs to address multiple health behaviors, such as diet and exercise, significantly lowered the risk of a fatal heart attack, stroke or other cardiovascular event in people with coronary heart disease, finds a new review in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.
Later Cord Clamping After Birth Increases Iron Levels in Babies
HBNS STORY | July 11, 2013
Delaying clamping of the umbilical cord after birth benefits newborn babies, according to a systematic review published in The Cochrane Library.
Do Antioxidants Improve a Woman’s Chances of Conceiving?
HBNS STORY | August 6, 2013
There is no high quality evidence that antioxidant supplements help to increase a woman’s chances of having a baby, according to the results of a new Cochrane review.
Restricting Food and Fluids During Labor is Unwarranted
HBNS STORY | August 22, 2013
Despite the longstanding, widespread practice of restricting women’s food and fluid intake during labor, a large-scale analysis in The Cochrane Library finds it unwarranted and supports women eating and drinking as they please.
Exercise Benefits People with Asthma
HBNS STORY | September 24, 2013
People with asthma who engaged in appropriate exercise programs had improved cardiovascular fitness and an overall improved quality of life, finds a new review in The Cochrane Library.
For People With Diabetes, Aggressive Blood Pressure Goals May Not Help
HBNS STORY | November 12, 2013
For people with diabetes and high blood pressure, keeping blood pressure levels lower than the standard recommended offered no benefits, finds a review in The Cochrane Library.
Smartphone Apps to Help Smokers Quit Come Up Short
HBNS STORY | November 14, 2013
Most popular smartphone apps do not include evidence-based practices known to help smokers quit, finds a new study in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.
Buck Teeth: Correct Them Once In Early Adolescence
HBNS STORY | December 17, 2013
A Cochrane review finds few benefits to a two-stage orthodontic correction for buck teeth in children versus treatment done in one-stage during early adolescence.
Antibacterial Agent Boosts Toothpaste Effectiveness
HBNS STORY | January 9, 2014
Regular use of fluoride toothpaste containing triclosan, an antibacterial agent, reduces plaque, gingivitis and slightly reduces tooth decay compared to regular fluoride toothpaste, finds a new review in The Cochrane Library.
Pre-Surgical Drug May Ease Recovery and Reduce Pain for Kids
HBNS STORY | January 30, 2014
A new evidence review from The Cochrane Library found that administering a drug called clonidine before surgery may be a good alternative for controlling post-surgical pain and help reduce a child’s anxiety after surgery.
Antibiotics Don't Prevent Complications of Kids' Respiratory Infections
HBNS STORY | February 18, 2014
Antibiotics are often prescribed for young children who have upper respiratory tract infections, however, a new evidence review in The Cochrane Library found no evidence to support this practice.
Evidence Mixed on the Usefulness of Echinacea for Colds
HBNS STORY | February 20, 2014
For people seeking a natural treatment for the common cold, some preparations containing the plant Echinacea work better than nothing, yet “evidence is weak,” finds a new report from The Cochrane Library.
Parents Should Team with Kids to Encourage Exercise
HBNS STORY | March 4, 2014
Parents can help motivate kids to be more physically active, but the influence may not result in an improvement in their children’s weight, finds a new evidence review in the American Journal of Health Promotion.
Vitamin D with Calcium May Prevent Bone Fractures for High-Risk Seniors
HBNS STORY | May 29, 2014
For seniors over the age of 65, taking a daily supplement of vitamin D with calcium—but not vitamin D alone—can offer some protection against the risk of common bone fractures, according to an updated review from The Cochrane Library.
Asthma Drugs Suppress Growth
HBNS STORY | July 17, 2014
Corticosteroid drugs that are given by inhalers to children with asthma may suppress their growth, suggests two evidence reviews published in The Cochrane Library.
Few Overweight People with Diabetes Getting Recommended Physical Activity
HBNS STORY | September 9, 2014
Women and men with diabetes who are trying to lose weight are not meeting the recommended amounts of physical activity for weight loss, finds a new study in the American Journal of Health Promotion.
Only Half of U.S. Adults Over 45 Are Screened for Diabetes
HBNS STORY | September 25, 2014
A new cross-sectional study in American Journal of Preventive Medicine finds that only half of adults in the U.S. were screened for diabetes within the last three years, less than what is recommended by the American Diabetes Association (ADA).
Many Women Receive Unnecessary Pap Tests
HBNS STORY | September 30, 2014
As many as half to two-thirds of women who’ve undergone hysterectomies or are older than 65 years report receiving Pap tests for cervical cancer, despite recommendations against it, finds a new study in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.
Timing of Epidural Is Up to the Mother
HBNS STORY | October 9, 2014
When a woman is in labor, the appropriate time to give an epidural during childbirth is when she asks for it, suggests a new review in The Cochrane Library.
Poor-Quality Weight Loss Advice Often Appears First in an Online Search
HBNS STORY | November 13, 2014
More than 40 percent of U.S. Internet users use online search engines to seek guidance on weight loss and physical activity. A new study in the American Journal of Public Health finds that high-quality weight loss information often appears after the first page of search engine results.